Advances in Humanities Research

Advances in Humanities Research

Vol. 5, 28 March 2024


Open Access | Article

Private Property and Labor: Seed of a New Worldview — A Textual Interpretation based on the “Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844”

Xinghui Chen * 1 , Linlin Liu 2
1 School of Marxism, Beijing Administration Institute
2 School of Marxism, Beijing Administration Institute

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Advances in Humanities Research, Vol. 5, 8-12
Published 28 March 2024. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by EWA Publishing
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation Xinghui Chen, Linlin Liu. Private Property and Labor: Seed of a New Worldview — A Textual Interpretation based on the “Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844”. AHR (2024) Vol. 5: 8-12.

Abstract

In the “Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844,” young Marx addressed a novel issue: whereas traditional political economists regarded private property as an object opposed to the subject, adopting a metaphysical mode of thinking characterized by subject-object opposition, Adam Smith, referred to by Engels as the “Luther” of political economy, for the first time connected private property with the subject, thereby breaking away from its previous characterization as an “objective, external” dimension, implying signs of transcending Feuerbach. However, although Adam Smith and other political economists placed private property within human nature, due to their class limitations, they effectively treated profit-seeking activities as human nature, which is essentially a negation of humanity and diverges from human essence on the level of value. Marx, in critiquing their inherited ideas, not only links labor with private property but also understands labor as genuine, a return to “the essence of humanity,” as free labor rather than alienated labor, thereby laying the groundwork for the establishment of a scientific understanding of practice.

Keywords

Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844, Private Property, Labor, New Worldview

References

1. Marx, K., & Engels, F. (2009). Collected Works of Marx and Engels (Vol. 1, pp. 112-114, 168-185, 206). People’s Publishing House.

2. Lüsenbei. (1978). History of Political Economy (Vol. 1, pp. 38, 43, 142). (X. Li, Trans.). Beijing, China: Life · Reading · New Knowledge Joint Publishing Company.

3. Liu, X. (2013). A Reexamination of Marx’s “Paris Manuscripts” (pp. 23, 130). Beijing, China: Renmin University of China Press.

4. Jin, S. (1983). Changes in Marx’s Critique of Classical Political Economy: What Does It Explain? Philosophical Research, (09), 17-23.

5. Marx, K., & Engels, F. (2012). Selected Works of Marx and Engels (Vol. 1, p. 137). People’s Publishing House.

Data Availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.

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Volume Title
ISBN (Print)
ISBN (Online)
Published Date
28 March 2024
Series
Advances in Humanities Research
ISSN (Print)
2753-7080
ISSN (Online)
2753-7099
DOI
Copyright
© 2023 The Author(s)
Open Access
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Copyright © 2023 EWA Publishing. Unless Otherwise Stated